You may want to think of cannabigerol (CBG) as the quiet cannabinoid; even though it was discovered back in the 1960s, it sat in the background as our fascination with cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta 9 THC) occupied many great brains of science for decades. Today you will still find mountains of studies and data related to CBD and THC but with the broadening interest in all things related to cannabinoids, CBG is finally getting more of the attention it truly deserves.

(Actually, every cannabinoid deserves greater attention and further research but rather than rant over matters beyond our control, let’s instead gain a greater appreciation for CBG thanks to the studies performed so far.)

First off, a short history of CBG… this cannabinoid is available in abundance during its seedling and early growth stages. It makes its first appearance in the form of cannabigerolic acid (aka CBGa… CBG is the nonacidic version CBGa, to which it is converted by the influences of time and/or heat, a process more popularly referred to as decarboxylation). Even CBGa has its useful benefits (including analgesic, antibacterial, soothing, and anti-proliferative properties) but since most consumers look to CBG for the most varied possible benefits, this is the compound more commonly available on the marketplace. Accordingly, this Cannabinoid Chat will focus on the powers and strengths of CBG. 

Over the past few years, awareness of and interest in CBG products has exploded across the marketplace. At Fern Valley Farms, we too are excited about the potential benefits that can be experienced through the regular use of CBG, which is why we already have a broad and varied collection of quality CBG products, including:

  • CBG White CBG Flower – our classic hemp flower strain contains a 17.8% concentration of CBGa (which naturally converts to CBG when decarboxylated by heat)
  • Delta 8 CBG White Flower – our classic CBG White with a 9.77% CBG concentration is then drenched with a 14.68% Delta 8 THC concentration for a powerful one-two combo
  • CBG White Kief – the 297.9mg/g of CBGa concentration makes this kief a must-have addition to the wellness regimen of many consumers
  • CBG Gummies – just out, these little 10mg CBG cubes with a Mango Turmeric flavor (the whisper of turmeric seems to deepen the mango taste) are excellent wellness treats
  • CBG Capsules – each capsule contains 98.8mg of CBG (70% CBG Kief and 30% CBG Flower) plus four key terpene extracts (caryophyllene, limonene, myrcene, terpinolene)

Of course, like almost every other cannabinoid (excepting Delta 9 THC), CBG is another valuable compound in the hemp plant that is considered completely legal by the Hemp Farming Act of 2018.

We urge you to sample one or more of our CBG products, not to replace your CBD wellness plan but to augment it for even better overall results. As more cannabinoids are discovered and their compounds prepared for human consumption, we are continually reminded that these cannabinoids not only work well on their own but can integrate their various benefits with other cannabinoids for broader treatments and wider results. Since they are all sourced from the same plant species, it is logical their different elements would innately know how to participate and work together. (Compare that simple fact to the knowledge that we must practice extreme caution when combining different prescription medicines; heck, we are even warned that natural supplements and remedies can negatively interfere with medical counterparts composed of synthesized chemicals attempting to mimic nature’s own powerful curatives.)

A Brief History of CBG

It was in 1964 when scientists Raphael Mechoulam and Yehiel Gaoni uncovered CBG. This is just one year after Mechoulam identified the cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD); Mechoulam is to this day still considered one of the early and major pioneers researching the various compounds contained in cannabis (and its cultivated cousin, hemp) plants. 

Ironically, CBG was first isolated and identified in hashish, leading researchers to believe that this cannabinoid was a constituent unique to hashish. It wasn’t until another decade passed before other researchers realized that CBG also occurs naturally in the cannabis plant, initially in its acidic form – cannabigerolic acid (CBGa). CBGa converts to CBG by decarboxylation, a process that effectively activates inactive cannabinoid compounds, usually through heat (but can also occur as plants age beyond maturity).

In the past few years, the popularity of CBG has risen considerably; consumers are learning of many potential benefits, both minor and major, that this compound may be able to deliver. For a compound whose discovery arrived just a year or so after CBD, it is just now gaining the recognition and attention it truly deserves. There is now great anticipation that research on CBG will be stepped up significantly, leading to even more discoveries of its possible curative properties.

How CBG Works

Just as each cannabinoid carries a different set of therapeutic properties of which we may take advantage, it seems that while each compound does interact with our endocannabinoid system, they often have unique ways of connecting and communicating with our internal wellness channels. 

Our endocannabinoid system helps us manage key bodily functions like our appetite, memory, mood, and sleep. The endocannabinoid system has three major interacting parts: 

  • Endocannabinoids – transmitters binding to receptors, they help manage internal functions
  • Enzymes – for more efficient distribution, two different enzymes break down endocannabinoid 
  • Receptors – found in both the central and peripheral nervous systems, these bind to endocannabinoids 

Depending on their physical location within the body, receptors are one of two types:

  • CB1 – generally found in the central nervous system, it oversees important functions:
    • Appetite
    • Coordination
    • Memory
    • Mood
    • Movement
    • Pain
  • CB2 – mainly located in the peripheral nervous system, these receptors influence inflammation and pain

Once more, CBG shows its versatility when working with the endocannabinoid system. Where some cannabinoids migrate to either the CB1 or CB2 receptors, CBD does not seem to be prejudiced but instead interacts with both types of receptors. One notable CBG action worth noting is its apparent function as an inhibitor of the psychoactive effects caused by Delta 9 THC, worth remembering if someone ever feels overwhelmed by an intense THC experience. In other words, if you get too high on that classic THC, a CBG session may be just the thing to settle you back down.

It also appears that GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) uptake to the brain, which is the source of anxiety, can be regulated or blocked by CBG. Add to this important property its ability to boost anandamide (the endocannabinoid capable of increasing dopamine levels and regulating critical internal functions like appetite, mood, and sleep) and CBG definitely proves its worth as another important cannabinoid that can improve our state of well-being.

And do keep in mind that, as far as CBG is concerned, research remains in the early stages. Let’s just say no one should be amazed at new discoveries and developments over the coming years proving the ability of CBG to manage and possibly alleviate even more health concerns.

Potential Health Benefits of CBG

As compared to so many other cannabinoids, CBG has not yet been exposed to as much research. Regardless, scientists have already uncovered a broad spectrum of potential wellness benefits that CBG may contain.

If initial conclusions are any indicator of what future research may reveal, there is no doubt that CBG will remain a major player in the wellness industry as well as a standout cannabinoid thanks to its own unique properties and powers, including:

  • Antibacterial – MRSA, a drug-resistant bacteria known for causing staph infections, has no power against CBG, which has successfully defeated this pernicious pathogen
  • Anti-Inflammatory – most cannabinoids boast soothing capabilities and CBG is no different when tissues or joints become swollen
  • Battle Cancer – one study demonstrated that CBG can block receptors that cause cancer cell growth while also inhibiting the growth of colorectal cancer cells
  • Glaucoma Treatments – working with cats suffering from glaucoma, CBG treatments reduced eye pressure and increased aqueous humor outflow, two keys to improved sight 
  • Huntington’s Disease – CBG can also work as a neuroprotectant, which could help sufferers of Huntington’s disease since it protects brain nerve cells from damage 
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) – nitric acid, which causes IBD, has no defense against CBG, which can reduce swelling in the colon and slow nitric oxide production
  • Nausea – by better managing nausea, especially when it is a side effect resulting from other treatments, patients may be better equipped to deal with more chronic conditions
  • Relaxation – with a regular intake of CBG, especially in the evening or at bedtime, insomnia can become an issue of the past rather than an ongoing struggle

As you can see from the above list, CBG isn’t afraid to take on some serious conditions. As with most cannabinoids, rarely are negative results encountered; more importantly, thanks to this wholly natural resource, concerns about side effects are nominal. 

As we cannot emphasize enough, each human being is unique, from their fingerprints to their endocannabinoid system. Of course, most of us respond quite similarly to the same things but no one can yet explain why one person can get a boost of focused energy with a bite of chocolate while another will get a splitting headache when consuming the same food item.

Overall though, we do gauge how others respond to internal stimuli to get a sense of how we might also react. While never 100% accurate, we can get a pretty good picture of what to expect by observing how others reacted to the same experience. This applies just as well with cannabinoids in general and CBG in particular; it never hurts to collect anecdotal information from other experienced consumers of CBG to get an idea of how it may help you.

In the long run, though, your best bet is direct experience. Knowing that CBG and other cannabinoids are non-addictive and natural should give you the assurance to proceed with informed confidence; chances are, if you are like most consumers, once you directly learn how CBG may aid in your own wellness efforts, you won’t be asking for the advice of others but could very likely be enthusiastically encouraging close friends and family members to also get on board with CBG!